We often run into regulations that govern our profession in other countries; This can happen during work experience abroad and also with customers online, where there’s demand for new business and we can work from home. In the European Union alone, there are many different laws that conduct the design.
Although Eurocodes have introduced common objectives and topics, such as safety, environmental issue and accessibility, it is very difficult for countries to adapt national regulations to European directives due to regional technical requirements.
Minimum standards, when present, vary to a large extent from one country to another. Compared to other countries, Italian requirements are among some of the most strict in the world.
ZONE A: parts of the territory with urban agglomerations of historical-artistic interest or of a particular environmental value.
ZONE B: parts of territory totally or partially built, different from zone A.
ZONE C: parts of territory intended for new residential developments
ZONE D: parts of territory intended for industrial developments or similar.
ZONE E: parts of territory intended for agricultural use.
ZONE F: parts of territory dedicated to general public facilities.
Distance limits between buildings:
ZONE A: distances between buildings cannot be inferior to those that are between existing edifice.
ZONE B: The distance between the walls with windows of buildings should be at least as large as the height of the higher building
New buildings in other zones: In all other cases, the minimum distance between building should be at least 10 meters.
– 5 lm, For streets less wide than 7 lm;
– 7,50 lm, for streets between 7 lm and 15 lm wide;
– 10,00 lm, for streets wider than 15 lm.
There should be a livable space of at least 14 sq m for each person for the first 4 people, and a minimum 10 sq m for the next people.
Minimum dimensions of single Room
– Single Bedroom – 9 sq m
– Double Bedroom – 14 sq m
– Living Room – 14 sq m
Each room must be at least 2,70 m high.
Mountain districts can be as high as 2,55 m and passageways, bathrooms and corridors should be at least 2,40 m high.
All livable rooms except for bathrooms, hallways, corridors, staircases and storage must have direct natural light, suitable for their infilling.
The living area and the kitchen must have windows that can be opened while the bathroom, in case there is now windows, must have an aspiring fan.
Window-to-Floor Surface Ratio
The ratio between the surface and the opening of the windows is 1/8: The complete opening of the windows shouldn’t be less than 1/8th of the surface of the room.